The Law of Artificial Intelligence

4 ECTS / 24h / English

This course will address the interaction between AI and the law. It will consist of seven parts.

  • Part I: Introduction to AI

The first session will be devoted to introducing the key concepts of AI. The evolution of AI will be presented. Logical modelling and machine learning will be introduced with examples.

  • Part II: AI, values and rights

This session is devoted to a general overview of the multiple impacts of AI on human values and individual rights. The materials include documents on the relation between AI and social values and a discussion of the ways in which AI can promoted or rather demote the realisation of different human rights. It also includes two background papers respectively on the concept of human rights, and on proportionality.

  • Part III: AI, economy and in Government

This session considers how artificial intelligence can be deployed in the economy, in particular in the context of advertising and filtering and how it can be deployed within government.

  • Part IV: AI and the GDPR

This session will be devoted to the relation between AI and the GDPR. The impacts of AI on the processing of personal data will be considered. The provisions in the GDPR will be analysed to determine the extent to which they address the AI challenges.

  • Part V: AI and discrimination

This session addresses the connection between AI and discrimination. Fairness in automated predictions and decisions will be addressed. The COMPAS case, concerning the assignment of recidivism scores will be analysed in detail.

  • Part VI: AI in the Legal system

This session addresses the introduction of AI in the legal system. It discusses the relation between the rule of law and the use of AI to automate activities in the court and in administration.

  • Part VII: The AI Act. Regulating the AI risks

This session discusses the AI act and the prospects of the regulation of it. It considers whether the discipline in the AI act may be adequate and what further regulatory interventions are to be expected.


Giovanni Sartor is professor in Legal Informatics at the University of Bologna, professor in Legal informatics and Legal Theory at the European University…